is a specialization of law involved in defending companies accused of some type of wrongdoing. Litigation is the claim of damages decided by legal proceedings. A litigant is the accused, while the complainant is the accuser. In business litigation, the defense attorney represents a company in a class action, contract law, malpractice, or other type of lawsuit. Consumers, employees, or other businesses may have a lawsuit or court case filed against a company.
Contract disputes are a common type of business litigation. Business contracts are legally binding agreements, but the exact meaning of the written text in a contract is often open to interpretation. If a complainant files a lawsuit against a business for breach of contract, the company is being accused of not following through on what it agreed to in the contract’s terms. In this kind of contract dispute, the litigation attorney defends and represents the company’s actions in the context of the contract’s agreement.
Personal injury litigation
is the act of suing a party to get compensation for the costs of a personal injury. These costs can be concrete, such as costs of medical bills resulting from the injury, or more abstract, such as the costs of pain and suffering. Plaintiffs generally rely on a personal injury lawyer in pursuing this kind of litigation.
Traditional forms of this type of litigation include suing an individual, where the case is composed of one person’s complaint against another, and suing a business or corporate party. There are also individual personal injury suits, where a personal injury litigator represents one family or household against a defendant, and mass personal injury suits. A common example of a mass personal injury suit is when a company’s product injures or sickens a large number of customers.
In today’s legal world, a lot of personal injury litigation is directed against insurance companies. This new kind of personal injury case law focuses on how to get compensation from an insurance carrier that covers certain types of situations. For example, either a pedestrian or a driver can pursue compensation from an insurer where an at fault driver is a policy holder.
Another common form of personal injury litigation is in the area of medical malpractice. This type of medical litigation includes suing for conditions of neglect in a hospital or health care setting, mistakes made in surgery, incorrect diagnosis or medication, and other errors on the part of trained medical staff. Independent financial groups are keeping an eye on how large amounts of medical malpractice litigation are affecting health care in various financial systems.